Breast surgery is the operation or procedures performed to change the shape of the breasts by surgery due to health or aesthetical needs. This procedure can be used for breast augmentation, breast reduction, breast lift, breast reconstruction and breast cancer treatment.
Breast surgery is usually performed by a plastic surgeon, who changes the breast size and shape using the patient’s existing breast tissue or prostheses. It is also used for the surgical treatment of patients with breast cancer. This procedure may include removal of cancerous breast tissue and breast reconstruction.
Breast surgery can lead to some complications due to surgical risks. These include infection, bleeding, wound healing problems, reactions to anesthesia, and problems with implants. Therefore, it is important for individuals who will undergo breast surgery to carefully evaluate their health history and risk factors, and to follow the pre- and post-surgical recommendations given by their doctors.
Breast Surgery Methods
Breast surgery uses a variety of methods to change the size, shape, or appearance of the breast. Some common breast surgery methods include:
- Breast augmentation surgery: In this procedure, implants filled with silicone or saline solution are usually used to enlarge the breasts. These implants can be placed under the breast tissue or under the muscle.
- Breast reduction surgery: In this procedure, some of the breast tissue is removed and the remaining tissues are reshaped. This procedure is done to relieve back pain, neck pain and posture problems caused by excessively large breasts.
- Breast lift surgery: In this procedure, the breast tissue is reshaped and the nipple is moved higher. This procedure is usually done due to breast sagging.
- Breast augmentation and lift surgery: In this procedure, both the size of the breast is increased and the sagging breast is recovered. This procedure is usually performed on hollowed out and sagging breasts.
- Breast reconstruction (repair) surgery: This procedure is applied to reconstruct the breast after the breast is not fully developed or removed due to congenital breast anomalies, breast cancer, post-traumatic damage or other reasons. In this procedure, the patient’s own tissue or breast prostheses can be used.
In order to decide which of these methods is appropriate, factors such as the patient’s health status, breast size, shape and appearance are taken into account. It is recommended that patients work with a plastic surgeon to decide which method is most suitable for them.
Return to Normal Life After Breast Surgery
Return to normal life after breast surgery may vary depending on the surgical method and the individual’s healing process. However, the healing process usually starts within a few days after the surgery and this process takes an average of 2 – 4 weeks.
After breast surgery, pain, swelling and bruises may occur during the first few days. These symptoms can be alleviated with methods such as pain relievers and ice application. It is important to rest, lie down and move slowly for the first few days after surgery.
A few days after the procedures, patients can usually return to their normal activities. However, it is recommended to avoid heavy lifting, sports or strenuous activities. The use of appropriate underwear for several weeks after surgery is also an important factor.
Scars after breast surgery may appear red and swollen for 1-2 months. However, over time these marks fade and become less noticable. Regular check-ups after surgery are important in the follow-up of the healing process.
In conclusion, returning to normal life after breast surgery may vary from person to person. However, with the help of proper rest, moving slowly, wearing a suitable bra, and regular checkups, the healing process can be accelerated and it can be made easier for the person to return to their normal activities.