The medical term eyelid drooping is “ptosis” and can occur because of several number of different reasons.
The main reasons for these are:
- Aging: Weakening of the eyelid muscles due to aging is one of the most common causes of ptosis.
- Nerve damage: Damage or weakening of the nerves that control the eyelid muscles can also cause ptosis. This nerve damage can occur for a variety of reasons, for example as a result of facial trauma, nerve diseases, or cerebral palsy.
- Congenital: Some people may have congenital eyelid ptosis. This condition usually manifests itself as one eyelid being lower than the other.
- Eye surgery: Damage to eyelid muscles or nerves during eye surgery can cause ptosis.
- Other causes: In some cases, the cause of eyelid drooping may not be known or there may be another health condition affecting the eyelid muscles. For example, an autoimmune disease such as myasthenia gravis.
Eyelid drooping can cause discomfort in the person by restricting the visual field and causing aesthetic concerns. For treatment, the underlying causes may need to be identified and treated. A person with droopy eyelids can learn more about treatment options by consulting a plastic, reconstructive and aesthetic surgeon.
How Can the Swelling in the Eyelid Be Treated?
Swelling in the eyelid can be caused by many different reasons. For example, it can occur due to eye infections, allergic reactions, fatigue, lack of sleep, hormonal changes or trauma. Swelling in the eyelid is often painful and uncomfortable, and may even limit the field of vision. The following methods can help reduce eyelid swelling:
- Cold compresses: An effective method for eyelid swelling is to apply cold compresses. A cold compress relieves pain and discomfort by reducing swelling. For this, an ice pack, a towel filled with cold water, or frozen cloths can be used. These can be applied to the eyelid for 10-15 minutes.
- Eye massage: Gently massaging in circular motions, starting from below the eyelids, can increase blood circulation in the eyelid and reduce swelling.
- Tea bags: Cold, wet tea bags can also be used to reduce eyelid swelling. These can be applied to the eyelids for 10-15 minutes after dipping the tea bags in cold water.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs: To reduce swelling in the eyelid, painkillers or anti-inflammatory drugs can be used. However, a doctor should be consulted before using such drugs.
- Rest and sleep: Tiredness or lack of sleep can cause eyelid swelling, so getting enough rest and sleep is also important.
Swelling in the eyelid can be alleviated by the above methods, along with the treatment of the underlying causes. However, it is important to consult a doctor if the swelling is painful or restricts your visual field, or if it recurs repeatedly.